|, Duncan 5th Earl of Fife, Justiciar of Scotland
, Duncan 5th Earl of Fife, Justiciar of Scotland 1 2
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EARLS OF FIFE
Duncan married Ela, daughter of Reginald DE WARENNE and Unknown, in 1160.1 (Ela was born about 1138.)
"Sir Robert Sibbald prints a charter of King Malcolm IV. granting to Earl Duncan, with his niece Ada, 'the lands of Strathmiglo, Falkland, Kettle, Rathillet in Fife, and of Strathbran in Perthshire.' The charter, from the witnesses, must be dated between 1160 and 1162, but the name of Earl Duncan's wife was not Ada but Ela or Hela, as she is so named in a grant which he made to the Abbey of Dunfermline of the church of Calder Comitis, or Earl's Calder, which is confirmed by Ela his wife and by Robert, Bishop of St. Andrews, who died in 1158 or 1159. The terms of the writ by Countess Ela suggest that she was heiress of Earl's Calder. Earl Duncan may have acquired that barony also by his marriage with her. She was, according to the charter quoted, the niece of King Malcolm, but it has been objected that Malcolm, who was born in 1142, could scarcely have had a niece marriageable in 1160. Yet it is possible that Ada or Ela might be the child of an illegitimate son or daughter born to Malcolm's father Earl Henry, in his youth, as he had at least one illegitimate child, and may have had others."
1 e-books, The Scots Peerage ed. Sir James Balfour Paul vol. 4 (1907).
2 Internet Site, https://www.poms.ac.uk/record/person/13/.
3 e-books, The Earls of Fife in the 12th century by G.W.S. Barrow (1951 Journal of Society of Antiquaries of Scotland).
Internet Site, https://www.poms.ac.uk/.
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