1. RUSSEL, Elizabeth (DNA Link)
- ARCHIBALD, James+
- ARCHIBALD, Margaret+
- ARCHIBALD, William+
- ARCHIBALD, Agnes
- ARCHIBALD, Robert
- ARCHIBALD, John
- ARCHIBALD, Elisabeth+
- ARCHIBALD, Christina
- ARCHIBALD, Alexander+
- ARCHIBALD, Andrew Small+
- Born: 2 June 1813, Inveresk and Musselburgh parish, Midlothian, Scotland 5 8 9 13 14
- Baptised: 8 June 1813, Inveresk and Musselburgh parish, Midlothian, Scotland 5 6
- Marriage (1): RUSSEL, Elizabeth (DNA Link) on 18 April 1835 in Carnwath Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland 1 2
- Died: 8 April 1857, Scotland 2 4 9 13
- Buried: 1857, Whitburn parish, West Lothian, Scotland 9
Other names for Thomas were ARCHEBALD, Thomas 15 and ARCHIBALD, Thos..16
Old Parish Register
Inveresk and Musselburgh Midlothian
James Collier and Agnes Archibold. their son Thomas born 2nd & baptised 8th June. Wit John & Robert Archibald"
Note: The Millenium File and Family Data -Births record 7 June 1813 as the birth date of Thomas Archibald but this contardicts the birth and baptism record.
The UK census of 1841 recorded Thomas Archibald and family living at Green Ridge Coal Work in Whitburn parish, West Lothian:
Thomas Archibald 25 Male born Scotland (ie not in census county) Coal M
Elisabeth Archibald 20 Female born Scotland (ie not in census county)
James Archibald 5 Male born Scotland (ie not in census county)
Margaret Archibald 3 Female born West Lothian
William Archibald 1 Male born West Lothian
The UK census of 1851 recorded the Archibald family, minus Agnes, living at School Rows in Whitburn parish, West Lothian, Scotland:
Thomas Archibald 38 Head Male born Musselburgh, Midlothian
Address School Rows Occupation Iron Miner
Elisabeth Archibald 34 spouse born Shotts parish
James Archibald 14
Margaret Archibald 13
William Archibald 11
Robert Archibald 7
John Archibald 3
Elisabeth Archibald 2
Christian Archibald 1 month
(children all born in Whitburn parish West Lothian)
Thomas Archibald was recorded as an "iron miner (deceased)" in the 1857 marriage certificate of his son William. 2 4 5 8 14 17
CROFTHEAD, WHITBURN PARISH, WEST LOTHIAN
Extract from the Scottish Mining website:
"Crofthead Iron-Stone Pits
- parish of Whitburn, Linlithgowshire, on tack to Messrs. Houldsworth and Co.
No.196. Mr. John Reid, contractor:
I have been contractor for raising the iron-stone from the Bockercroft and Eastfield Pits upwards of two years, and employ men and women in considerable numbers; at times many more than at present are employed. The work being of a heavy kind, weak or very young persons are useless, and only create confusion. We cannot prevent men taking down children, though we do not sanction or approve of it.
I am of opinion that no children should be employed under 14 years of age, and it would be of great advantage to them, as they would be better attended to at home, and miners would more regularly attend their work.
Men who are wrought upon iron-stone make their own roads, which rarely exceed 54 inches high, and, from the softness of the roof, soon settles down to 40 inches.
The whole of the iron-stone is wrought out, and the walls, or support, made up of the waste, on the long-wall system.
The hurrier receives 6d. per ton for all iron-stone raised in its uncalcined state.
No.197. Mary Brown, 13 years old, putter:
Wrought in Crofthead iron-stone Mines six months; goes down at seven in the morning, returns at five and six in the evening, if our work be up. We have no meals below; sometimes we take pieces of oat-cake.
The work is very heavy and sore fatiguing, as I have to shove 15 to 20 hutchies [carts] every day, and the distance is far away from the shaft. The weight of iron-stone varies in hutches sometimes 5 1/2cwt., at others 8cwt.; the roads are all well railed; would prefer day-light work better.
Has worked near five years in mines; was last at Sir George Suttie's, at Preston Grange, as a bearer of coals in that part where machinery was not employed, it being too steep for putting.
Have two sisters working below, one 12 years of age, the other 19; the eldest married two years since upon her full cousin, Thomas Brown. After the first child was born he deserted her. I live with father and step-mother.
[Does not read, nor recollects going to school; sisters do not read; has no knowledge whatever of the Testament or the questions in the Catechism.]
There are many children work below; none of them like it, nor would they go down but their fathers or elder brothers force them; whenever they come up to daylight they run home, and often get their licks for so doing.
No.198. Richard Brown, 14 years old, iron-stone miner:
Works from three in the morning till four, at Green Burn Pit. Houks the iron-stone ends; can raise four to five hutchies a-day, which tells, after waste is deducted, for l 1/2 ton. I started to ironstone work two years gone, and was upon coal at Edgehead three years and a half prior, with little sister, who is not the length of 12 years. She shoves my work, and that of father; the hutchies hold 8cwt. of iron-stone and refuse; it is gai sair work for her; yet no so sore as coals at Edgehead, as our floors are more flat and roads higher, but the roofs are gai low and drippie [wet]. I and sister read in the Testament, but not yet at writing, no school being nearer than Fauldhouse, two miles away.
[Reads. Much neglected; very large family - seven, all young.]" 18
Thomas married Elizabeth RUSSEL (DNA Link), daughter of William RUSSEL (DNA Link) and Margaret MARSHALL, on 18 April 1835 in Carnwath Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland.1 2 (Elizabeth RUSSEL (DNA Link) was born between 1814 and 1819 in Shotts parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland,2 8 13 19 20 21 22 died on 25 April 1908 in Wellsville, Cache County, Utah, USA 12 13 19 21 23 24 and was buried on 28 April 1908 in Wellsville City Cemetery, Cache County, Utah, USA 12 13 19 21 24.)
Old Parish Register
Carnwath parish Lanarkshire
Name: Elizabeth Russel
Proclaimed April 12th
Married April 18th" 1