- Born: 22 March 1855 at 8.45 pm, Gartness Iron Works, Shotts, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Another name for John was O'NIEL, John.1
John was the first child of his parents. His father, John, who had been present where the birth took place, gave notice of his birth, and made his X mark.
The 1861 census for Bothwell parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland, recorded John O'Niel [sic] as the head of a household living in Mossend village. With John lived his wife, Sarah, their four young children, John's mother, Mary and a 22 year old Irish born lodger. The eldest child, John O'Niel, was recorded as 6 years of age and had been born in Bothwell parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland. Amazingly for a child so young he worked as a puddler server. 1
John's birth certificate was issued in the first year of statutory certification of births, deaths and marriages in Scotland. This was a longer and more detailed birth certificate than that issued later. As a result we have his parents' ages and places of birth, year and place of marriage, and the number of children in the family to date.